Canadian Citizenship
Bill Mandy 1 year ago

Requirements and How to Apply for Canadian Citizenship

If you want to settle permanently in Canada, you can apply for Canadian citizenship by following these ten easy steps. You can join Canadian society, which values variety and multiculturalism, to realize your full potential in a nation where anything is possible.

You will have the same rights and obligations as a naturalized Canadian citizen, which is a significant advantage of becoming a citizen of Canada. The main benefit would be voting for Canadian elections in federal, provincial, and local offices. You would also no longer be required to live there.

Furthermore, there are several requirements you would need to meet to obtain Canadian citizenship.

Requirements for Becoming a Canadian Citizen

Furthermore, here are what you need to become a Canadian citizen.

Permanent residents who want to become Canadian citizens must meet the following eligibility requirements:

Physical presence

You must have lived in Canada for three years (1,095 days) during the five years before you sign and submit your citizenship application. You should always apply if the computation is off when you have lived in Canada for more than 1,095 days. The additional days would therefore be to your benefit.

Language requirements

You must meet the minimum language requirements in either English or French. Applicants between 18 and 54 will be required to show proof of their language proficiency. Your language skills are measured by:

  • Reviewing the proof you send with your application;
  • How well you communicate when you talk to a citizenship official anytime during the process;
  • If necessary, assess your language level during a hearing with a citizenship official.

To become a citizen, you must meet the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) Level 4 or higher.

Pass your citizenship test

You must take the citizenship test if you are between 18 and 54 on the day you sign your application. You'll have to respond to inquiries regarding Canadian rights and obligations and the country's history, geography, economy, government, law, and symbols. The test is available in both English and French.

With 20 multiple-choice and true/false questions, it lasts for 30 minutes. To pass, you must correctly answer 15 out of the 20 questions. The test can be taken either orally or in writing.

You must not have a criminal history that will stop the granting of Canadian citizenship

This means you can’t:

  • be under review for immigration or fraud reasons;
  • be asked by Canadian officials to leave Canada; and
  • have unfulfilled conditions related to your permanent resident status, for example, medical screening

You must have a valid permanent resident status in Canada.

Regardless of age, you must have permanent resident status in Canada if you're applying for citizenship.

Several factors can work against you and the success of receiving Canadian citizenship. Applications will be denied to those applicants who:

  • Are not Canadian permanent residents;
  • Do not meet or cannot provide proof of the minimum residency requirements;
  • Don’t meet the minimum language proficiencies in either English or French;
  • Fail their Canadian citizenship test and interview;
  • Have been ordered to leave Canada;
  • Have been convicted of a criminal offense in the last three years;
  • Have had their citizenship revoked;
  • Are on parole, probation, or are in prison; and
  • Have been convicted or are under investigation for a crime against humanity or a war crime.

There are additional requirements if you are:

  • applying for a minor (under age 18);
  • a Canadian applying for your adopted child born outside Canada;
  • a current or former Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) member applying under the fast-track process; and
  • a past Canadian citizen who wants your Canadian citizenship back

How to Apply for Canadian Citizenship

Here are steps to guide you in applying to become a Canadian citizen.

Find out if you are eligible

Before you apply for Canadian citizenship, you must check if you are eligible.

To be eligible, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Be a permanent resident of Canada
  • Be physically present in Canada for a minimum of 1,095 days in the past five years before you apply.
  • Have filed personal income taxes for three years in the last five-year period
  • Demonstrate proper knowledge of English or French (Anyone between 18 and 54 years old will get assessed after applying)
  • Demonstrate that you understand the responsibilities and privileges of Canadian citizenship (Anyone between 18 and 54 years old will get assessed after they apply)
  • You can not have any unfulfilled conditions related to permanent resident status.
  • You can not be under a removal order.
  • You can not be inadmissible or prohibited on criminal/ security grounds.

Calculate the duration you have been in Canada (Physical presence)

You can do the following to calculate the duration you have been in Canada.

  • Use the online calculator.
  • Get a copy of your results and include it in your application.

Get your documents ready.

You must submit the following documents with your application:

  • An original printout of your Online Physical Presence Calculation (form CIT 0407)
  • Colour photocopies of all pages of your passport(s) (valid or expired) or travel document(s) during your five-year eligibility period
  • Photocopies of two proof of personal identification documents, such as a Permanent Resident card (PR card), driver's license, health insurance card, age of majority card, senior citizen identification card, a copy of your passport/ travel document’s biographical page, or foreign identity documents
  • Photocopies of your language ability in English or French (for anyone between 18 to 54 years old). This can include language test results, proof that you have reached the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB), or proof of education in Canada or abroad where the study was either English or French.
  • Two identical citizenship photos
  • An application fee receipt of $630.00 per adult (paid online)

Complete the application form

You can visit the Canadian government website to complete your online application form. Keep in mind that when you apply for Canadian citizenship, you must make sure that you are using an updated version of the application form.

Pay the application fees and submit the application

Application fees must be paid online. This fee is $630 for every applicant 18 years old and above. You must get a receipt if you pay the amount of $630 online. A copy of this receipt must be submitted with your application documents. You must complete your application online on the Canadian government's website.

Prepare and go for your interview and test.

If you are 18 to 54, you will receive an invitation to write your test a couple of weeks after your application has been accepted. You will be asked to go to your local citizenship office, where the following will be reviewed:

  • Original documents that you submitted with your application
  • Passports and travel documents that cover your last five years' eligibility period
  • If applicable, proof of your English or French abilities
  • The citizenship test will test your knowledge of Canada’s history, government, geography, rights, and responsibilities of citizenship.

Wait for the results.

All that is left for you to do at this point is wait while a citizenship official examines your application and determines whether it can be approved. The final decision of the official shall be in writing.

Take the Canadian citizenship oath.

You will be invited to a ceremony to take the oath of citizenship and officially become a Canadian Citizen after receiving the permission letter.


Furthermore, here are the frequently asked questions about getting Canadian citizenship.

Do I have to renounce my natural citizenship to become a citizen of Canada?

No, you may retain your prior nationality because Canada permits dual citizenship. However, you must confirm with your nation of origin whether they also recognize dual or multiple citizenship.

Does time spent before obtaining permanent residency count toward the minimum residency requirement?

Yes, you receive one half-day for each day you temporarily reside in Canada as a student, guest, worker, or protected person before obtaining permanent residency. Up to 365 days can be used to fulfill the 1,095-day requirement.

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